Gagauzes can be A orthodox christian turkic-speaking individuals, the descendants regarding the nomadic Oghuz tribes. The Ukrainian Gagauzes happen compactly surviving in the villages and urban centers of Bessarabia (Budzhak). The Gagauz tradition, traditions, and food have actually changed considering that the adoption of Christianity. Nowadays the tradition of celebrating among the major vacations regarding the Gagauz individuals, Hederlez or Saint George’s Day, is combining pagan, Muslim, and Christian elements.
Vynohradivka is really a town in Bessarabia, that has been created because of the Gagauzes and Bulgarians within the very early century that is 19th. The town ended up being unofficially split into the Bulgarian plus the Gagauz components. The founders of Vynohradivka (the old name associated with town had been Kurcu) originated from the villages Akbiri and Balchik in Bulgaria. In accordance with the legend now told by the locals, whenever Gagauzes and Bulgarians stumbled on this land, they let their lambs first out to graze. They made a decision to relax where in fact the lambs discovered meals.
Nowadays the social folks of Vynohradivka actively support and develop the Gagauz tradition and learn their mother tongue. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine supports book of textbooks when it comes to children that are local learn the Gagauz language . peruvian date sites Besides, the Regional Centre of Gagauz tradition and a museum had been established in Vynohradivka. Writer of the very first textbooks, in addition to manager associated with Сultural Сentre, is Olga Kulaksyz.
Through the ancient times, the Gagauz calendar had a silly function: it approximately divided the entire year into two periods — summer time and cold temperatures. Each started with one of the primary Gagauz breaks: Hederlez and Kas?m. This unit is connected with sheep agriculture, that has been the primary activity of those individuals for years and years. Summertime started with all the Hederlez vacation whenever an agreement was made by the herd owners with all the shepherds and handed the herds up to them for grazing. Once the right time arrived to go back the herds, it signified the beginning of the wintertime duration. These vacations are provided by numerous peoples that are turkic. Christmas got context that is religious, after Gagauzes adopted Christianity.
The Gagauz Hederlez
Hederlez * * Ay Yorgi — Saint George’s Day — may be the getaway for the world’s revival, the very first dew, the offspring that is first. It’s one of the more honoured vacations for many peoples that are turkic. The Orthodox Christian Gagauzes call this vacation Saint George’s Day and honour it just as much as Easter. Some time ways of celebration somewhat vary when it comes to peoples that are different. Crimean Tatars, as an example, celebrate Hederlez on the very first Friday of might, while when it comes to Gagauzes it is from the 6th of might.
This holiday is associated with a meeting of Islamic prophets Illia (Ilyas) and al-Khidr (Khedher) on earth in Muslim tradition. Ilyas, that is considered to be the patron of water and cattle, originates from the western. Khedher, in change, arises from the East and it is the patron of people. Names of this two prophets are combined when you look at the title associated with the vacation. The day that is first of party could be the time once they meet, that the Turkic people think become in the first week of might.
In Vynohradivka, Hederlez is celebrated regarding the 6th of might. With this time, they typically prepare kurban , the meat of a lamb that is sacrificed kurban bulguru (pirinci) , porr >kurban ekmiaia , bread. The term “kurban” itself means “sacrifice” .
A significant part regarding the visit to Vynohradivka is planning a dish called bulguru that is kurban . A complete carcass of the lamb will be donated to your mind associated with the regional church. Villagers think that this brings welfare, peace and wellness to families when you look at the year that is next.
Every person into the town is invited for the party. You can now participate in company associated with celebrations:
— who desires can add a lamb that is sacrificed. This kind of contribution is known to carry a healthy body. If you have no lamb in a family group, it may because very well be purchased.
Villages with churches called after Saint George celebrate the Temple Day (the afternoon associated with Village) with this time. The church in Vynohradivka is obviously known as after Saint George, therefore the tradition is well-kept.
If newlyweds have actually selected Saint George while the protector of the household, or mind associated with the household’s title is George, then this vacation is celebrated in family circle.
Party may be divided in to two phases: entertaining and religious. Each day, villagers visit church when it comes to service that is holy and after that they gather for vacation supper and celebrations.
Then the meal will consist of lean dishes only if Hederlez falls on one of fasting days, like Friday. Fish soup, boiled and fried seafood, pickled herring is supposed to be offered in place of meat.
Following the supper, it is time for celebrations. In past times, horse events, sport tournaments, and wrestling had been typically held. Now the structure changed only a little, as Olga Kulaksyz claims:
In Vynohradivka we’ve no area that is proper hold a horse competition, and even though we do have horses. We conduct sport games feasible to organise: checkers, chess, soccer, wrestling. Wrestling is extremely popular within our area. Additionally the indispensable component is the concert.
Artists off their villages of Bessarabia and Gagauzia are invited to execute.
Saint George’s Day can be celebrated because of the Bulgarians of Vynohradivka. All those who once left the village come back home for the holiday. Some event traditions because of this getaway will vary for Gagauzes and Bulgarians. Nevertheless, there are many more similarities.